Amazon is the largest online retailer in the world. They run a marketplace on all of their websites allowing third-party sellers to sell products, totaling to 50% of total sales.
The company was founded in 1994 as "Cadabra", but later changed its name and launched online as Amazon.com in 1995. The company began as an online bookstore. The company now employs over 300,000 people worldwide.
Amazon.com Marketplace is Amazon USA's fixed-price online marketplace which enables sellers to offer new and used items alongside Amazon's regular offerings. Customers can buy those items directly from third-party sellers. The Marketplace uses Amazon USA's software infrastructure. Amazon USA charges the buyer's credit card and sends his or her payment to the seller, but does not pass along any credit-card information. More information on Wikipedia.
Amazon.co.uk is one of the oldest Amazon's marketplaces, launched in 1998 after acquiring Bookpages.co.uk, a UK online book retailer. It's the largest ecommerce website in UK, ahead of eBay UK.
Amazon.de was originally Telebook (www.telebuch.de), Germany's leading online bookstore, which Amazon acquired in 1998 and later it became Amazon Germany as it is today. Since 2007 Amazon Prime is available to all customers. In Germany it has become the most visited and largest ecommerce website, ahead of eBay Germany.
Amazon launched Amazon.fr on August 2000, today it's the largest ecommerce store in France. Amazon offers "Amazon Premium" program since 2008, which is the French equivalent for Amazon Prime available on other Amazon websites. eBay France is common in France as well.
Amazon.ca is Canada's biggest ecommerce website. It offers Amazon Prime since 2013. However many Canadian customers also shop on Amazon USA, while a lot of sellers from there sell on Amazon Canada too. Amazon.ca launched the third-party marketplace in 2003, significantly expanding product selection. It has remained to be the strongest player in Canada, with eBay Canada in second.
Amazon Japan (Japanese: アマゾンジャパン) was launched in 2000, and serves Japan and Japanese-language speakers around the world. Since 2002 third-party sellers were allowed to joined the newly opened Amazon Marketplace. Amazon Prime program is available since 2007. It has become the most visited ecommerce website in Japan, even though Rakuten remains the largest ecommerce store in terms of sales.
Amazon.cn (Chinese: 亚马逊中国), formerly Joyo.com (卓越网) and Joyo Amazon (卓越亚马逊), is a Chinese shopping website located in Beijing. It was acquired by Amazon.com in 2004. Since 2011 it is known as Amazon China. Amazon.cn Marketplace is Amazon's fixed-price online marketplace which enables sellers to offer new and used items alongside Amazon's regular offerings. Customers can buy those items directly from third-party sellers.
Amazon.in is India's second largest ecommerce marketplace, they compete with Flipkart and Snapdeal. Launched in 2013 it is one of the fastest growing markets for Amazon. Because of Indian law only retailers located in India are allowed to sell on the marketplace. Since July 2016 Amazon Prime is available.
Amazon has been selling in Italy since 2010, when they launched Amazon.it. Since 2011 Amazon Prime program was offered to Italian customers. In Italy Amazon is the largest ecommerce website, eBay Italy is in second place.
Amazon launched Amazon.es, its Spanish store, in 2011. Since then it has grown to become the largest ecommerce website in Spain, ahead of eBay Spain.
Launched in 2015 Amazon.com.mx is Amazon's latest marketplace. It enables sellers to offer new and used items alongside Amazon's regular offerings. Mexico is Latin America’s second-largest economy, behind Brazil. Mercado Libre also operates in Mexico.
Amazon Prime in Mexico was launched on March 7th, 2017. The service offers unlimited free shipping like in other countries for 449 pesos ($23) for the first year, before rising to 899 pesos ($46) the following year.